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Are peanuts in the nut family
Although similar in usage to tree nuts, the peanut is not a nut. It belongs to the botanical family Leguminosae, which is commonly known as the pea or bean family. It is classified as a grain legume. They are an annual herbaceous plant, which means they live their complete life cycle in one year. Like other legumes, they have “sleep” movements. This simply means that the leaves of the plants close up at night.
Peanuts grow best in light, sandy loam soil. They require a considerable amount of water to grow. Typically, they need 1 to 2 inches of water per week. When grown in a warm, potentially dry area, an irrigation system is needed to assure that the plants receive a sufficient water supply. The four major cultivar groups are Spanish, Virginia, Runner and Valencia. Each group has distinctive characteristics such as shape, size flavor and oil content.
Where are peanuts grown
Peanuts originated in South America thousands of years ago. Today, they are grown in numerous area where conditions are conducive to their growing requirements. China, India, the United States, Nigeria and Indonesia are the top peanut producing countries. Argentina, Brazil, Senegal, South Africa and Sudan also contribute to the world’s peanut production and export.
How are peanuts harvested
While peanuts were once harvested by hand, the increase in their production and the development of a mechanical means of harvesting has eliminated the hand harvesting of commercially grown peanuts. The harvest process involves removing the entire plant from the ground. This mandates that the timing of the harvest be carefully assessed so as to have the largest harvest possible. Harvest time occurs 90 to 130 days after planting. When the time is right, a machine is used to cut off the main root of the plant. The machine then lifts the plant from the ground, shakes it and leaves it upside down on the ground. The plant is allowed to remain there for several days so that it can dry. Following the 3 to 4 days drying period, a process known as threshing occurs. This process removes the peanut from the bush.
Interesting facts about peanuts
- What began as National Peanut Week in March of 1941 was expanded to a month long celebration in 1974.
- Peanuts account for two-thirds of all snack nuts consumed in the USA.
- One acre of peanuts yields about 2, 860 pounds of peanuts
- Peanuts have more protein, niacin, folate and phytosterols than any nut.
- The first peanuts grown in the US were grown in Virginia
- Peanuts rank as the #1 snack in the US
- Peanuts contain over 30 nutrients that are essential for maintaining optimum health.
- Of the 50 states in the U.S., Georgia, Florida and Alabama grow the most peanuts.
The health benefits of these nuts are sufficient reason to buy peanuts wholesale and add them to your health conscious diet. However, when you discover the variety of flavor options you have when buying bulk peanuts, you may find yourself looking for creative ways to incorporate them into snack routine and some of your favorite recipes. When the craving for chocolate hits, you can satisfy that craving in a healthy way by reaching for chocolate covered peanuts. Delectable choices are available that include a dark chocolate, milk chocolate or a sugar-free chocolate coating. Milk chocolate peanut gems would be a colorful addition to your desk or kitchen counter. You’d always have a quick pick-me-up available with these nearby. Yogurt covered peanuts are a delicious alternative to the chocolate covered varieties. Honey roasted peanuts can satisfy your sweet tooth while adding nutrients and vitamins to your diet. When you want something to wake up your taste buds, peanuts with a hot and spicy coating can oblige. Roasted peanuts whether salted or unsalted make a great snack. You can get creative with the peanuts you have on hand and crush them to add to muffin, pancake or waffle batter or sprinkle them on top of yogurt, pudding or ice cream. They can also be added to a vegetable stir-fry or incorporated into main course recipes.
Fats in peanuts
Peanuts are classifieds as oil seeds. That classification indicates that they have a high fat content, however, the majority of their fat content is from what is referred to as healthy fats. These nuts are have a high content of monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats which are known to be healthy fats. They contain oleic acid which slows the development of heart disease, lower cholesterol and promote the production of antioxidants. These nuts are near the top of the list of best food sources for linoleum acid. Studies show that diets that contain healthy fats can reduce the risk of inflammation, cardiovascular disease and other chronic diseases.
Do peanuts contain protein
Peanuts are a good source of protein. A one ounce serving, which is typically a handful of nuts, provides 7 grams of protein. That amount of protein translates into being 15% of the 46g of protein women need and 12% of the 56g of protein recommended for men. Being a plant-based source of protein, these nuts are a guilt-free protein source for vegetarians. They are also high in arginine which is on of the building blocks of protein. Protein is essential to proper cell, tissue and muscle growth and maintenance. Basic body functions such as the beating of your heart, the relaxation of your muscles and brain function deplete the protein that you consume. Choosing some version of these tasty nuts for snack is a great way to replenish the protein in your body.
How many calories in peanuts
A one ounce serving of peanuts has approximately 170 calories. The majority of the fat content of these nuts is monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat which is referred to as “good” fat. The “good” fat combined with the fiber content and protein content in these nuts helps you feel full and be less inclined to over-indulge or to frequently reach for a snack.
What vitamins are in peanuts
Peanuts are a good source of folate. Folate is necessary for the production or red blood cells. It supports the nervous system and cardiovascular system. Pregnant women are often advised to get an adequate amount of folate to support their developing fetus. A 100g serving provides 75%DV of niacin. Niacin is essential for processing fat in the body. It is also attributed with lowering cholesterol levels and regulating blood sugar levels. A variety of adverse health issues can arise when there is a deficiency of niacin in your body. Among those complications are anxiety, fatigue, inflammation, depression and an inability to concentrate. Adding this nut to your diet may improve your mood, increase your ability to concentrate and energize you. A 100g serving provides 53%DV of Thiamin. Thiamin is essential for the proper functioning of the heart, muscles and nervous system Another purpose of Thiamin is that it helps your body convert carbohydrates into energy. Adding peanuts to your diet can be a positive step toward supporting your immune system. This vitamin also plays a role in immune support, nervous system support and is considered to be beneficial to your heart. A 100g serving also provides 55%DV of Vitamin E. Studies show that men and women fail to get the recommended amount of Vitamin E. Therefore, they are not getting the beneficial antioxidants need for a healthy immune system and a properly regulated metabolism. In addition to the previously mentioned vitamins, that 100g serving also provides 35%DV of Pantothenic acid and 27%DV of Pyridozine.
Peanuts and heart health
Peanuts are more affordable than many of the other “nuts” recommended as part of a heart-healthy diet, especially if you buy bulk peanuts. Their affordability enables you to enjoy them as a snack and incorporate them into a variety of recipes without denting your food budget. Studies show that eating them twice a week can reduce the risk of death due to heart disease by 24%, These tasty nuts are nearly sodium free. They can help lower bad cholesterol levels (LDL) and help maintain good cholesterol levels (HDL). Research shows that these nuts can play a significant role in decreasing diastolic blood pressure. It’s important to note that even when they are roasted and salted, their sodium content remains within the guideline of what the American Heart Association considers heart-healthy. These nuts contain many nutrients that are known to be beneficial in maintaining heart health.